ROBOTICS

Search and Rescue Robot

Natural disasters and accidents leads to a large-scale destruction of human lives and properties. In such cases, no matter how hazardous the situation, rescuing as many survivors as quickly as possible or supplying food, water and medicine becomes a top priority. Rescue robots fulfill this complex task which is otherwise very hazardous for human rescue workers to undertake.

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Depending on the application, rescue robots can have different functions, structure or size. A typical rescue robot is mainly composed of sensors, processing unit, wireless communication module, audio module and an output driver module. The often-used sensors in a rescue robot include temperature sensor, gas sensors, a camera (image sensor), ultrasonic sensors, infrared sensors, laser sensors, gyroscopes and accelerometers. Their job is to collect environment information on site, detect obstacles, navigate and locate robot itself, and find vital signs. Processing unit could include a multimedia processor and a microcontroller (MCU or DSC). Multimedia processor is used to implement image processing algorithms. Microcontroller (MCU or DSC) is used to process signals from sensors, implement control algorithms, and give instructions to drive servo and BLDC motors. Wireless communication modules (WIFI) are responsible for transmitting on-site images and data to rescuers. Audio modules can be used by survivors found in the ruins to directly talk to the rescuers. Output driver module is used to drive wheels or caterpillar tracks when moving forward, climbing ramps and stairs, and overcoming obstacles. It also drives camera and searchlight to rotate when searching for survivors.

With the emergence of more advanced microelectronics, sensor and wireless communication technologies, as well as better algorithms; rescue robots would play a greater role in the rescue operations for the future.

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1455085ATMEL
AT91SAM7SE-EK
EVALUATION KIT
1648588ATMEL
AT91SAM7L-STK
KIT, STARTER, ARM7, SAM7L
1095463ATMEL
AT91SAM7S-EK
DEVELOPMENT KIT, SMART ARM, 32-BIT
1776325OLIMEX
LPC-P2378
BOARD, LPC2378 W/ENET-USB-CAN-SD/MMC
1761178NXP
OM11042
KIT, MBED PROTOTYPING BOARD, LPC2368
1701509OLIMEX
LPC2478-STK
KIT, NXP ARM7TDMI-S LINUX
2057245TEXAS INSTRUMENTS
DK-LM3S9D96
KIT,DEV,LM3S9D96,USB-OTG
1835850TEXAS INSTRUMENTS
EKB-UCOS3-BNDL
KIT, EVALBOT W/ UC/OS-III BOOK
1712247TEXAS INSTRUMENTS
EKI-LM3S6965
KIT, EVAL, LM3S6965, ENET, IAR
 
ImageManufacturer &
Part Number
Description 
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